On March 11th, 1909 the engineering firm of Jacobs and Davies hosted a dinner at Sherry's for the directors and officers of the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad Company to commemorate the fifth anniversary of the the joining of New York with New Jersey via the Hudson Tubes, as well as the occasion of the completion of the last tunnel, completing both the midtown and downtown lines.

This is the souvenir program presented at that event. It is a red leather book with gold scallop trim, consisting of a few text pages followed by alternating pages of descriptive text and illustrations.

Each image is clickable to present a full-sized version. Additionally, the original .TIF scans are available here. Note that these are quite large files (for printing on 8.5x11 paper on a 600 DPI laser printer). Please read the Legal Notice before downloading any of the .TIF files.


[Inside cover 1 - click for full-page view]


[Inside cover 2 - click for full-page view]


[H & M Directors - click for full-page view]


[Historical info - click for full-page view]


[Statistics - click for full-page view]


I
HOLING THROUGH THE FIRST TUNNEL UNDER THE HUDSON RIVER, BEING THE NORTH TUNNEL, UPTOWN LINE, MARCH 11, 1904. TELESCOPING THE METAL LINING INTO THE OLD MASONRY UNDER THE FRENCH LINE DOCK, NEW YORK CITY.

[Picture I]


II
HOLING THROUGH SOUTH TUNNEL, UPTOWN LINE. BREAKING THROUGH THE OLD BRICK BULKHEAD AT THE FOOT OF MORTON STREET, NEW YORK, AUGUST 25, 1905.

[Picture II]


III
SOUTH TUNNEL, UPTOWN LINE. SHIELD REVERSED DRIVING THROUGH THE SOUTH TUNNEL AT A LOWER GRADE, SO THAT IT SHOULD PASS BELOW THE NORTH TUNNEL AT CAISSON NO. 1 IN JERSEY CITY.

[Picture III]


IV
HYDRAULIC SHIELD ERECTED IN TUNNEL READY TO COMMENCE CONSTRUCTION IN SOFT GROUND. FACE OF HEADING TIMBERED IN FRONT OF CUTTING EDGE.

[Picture IV]


V
HYDRAULIC TUNNEL SHIELD, AFTER COMPLETING ITS JOURNEY FROM THE NORTH RIVER TO TWELFTH STREET AND SIXTH AVENUE, NEW YORK, A DISTANCE OF 4,525 FEET, PASSING THROUGH WEST STREET, MORTON STREET,GREENWICH STREET, CHRISTOPHER STREET AND SIXTH AVENUE TO TWELFTH STREET, IN CONTACT WITH 2,075 FEET OF ROCK IN ITS COURSE, DURING WHICH 26,000 STICKS OF DYNAMITE WERE USED TO CLEAR THE PASSAGE AHEAD, AND WITHOUT DISTURBING THE EAST-BOUND TUNNEL, ALREADY CONSTRUCTED ALONGSIDE, NOR DISTURBING THE STREETS, BUILDINGS OR INHABITANTS DURING ITS COURSE.

[Picture V]


VI
NORTH TUNNEL, DOWNTOWN LINE. "THE LID REMOVED." HEAVY BLOW DURING CONSTRUCTION AT THE RED STAR LINE DOCK. THANKSGIVING DAY, 1908.

[Picture VI]


VII
CONSTRUCTION OF DOUBLE-DECK REINFORCED CONCRETE CAISSONS IN YARD OF THE LACKAWANNA RAILROAD, JERSEY CITY, FORMING THE JUNCTIONS BETWEEN THE UPTOWN AND DOWNTOWN LINES FOR THE ELIMINATION OF GRADE CROSSINGS, ALLOWING OPERATIONS OF TRAINS NORTH AND SOUTH.

[Picture VII]


VIII
REINFORCED CONCRETE CAISSON. SAME AS PRECEDING PICTURE WITH THE LOWER DECK ARCHED COMPLETE READY TO SINK FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE UPPER DECK.

[Picture VIII]


IX
FOUNDATION AND COFFER-DAM FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE UNDERGROUND TERMINAL STATION AND BUILDING AT CHURCH STREET, NEW YORK, SHOWING COFFER-DAM COMPLETE AND INTERIOR CAISSONS READY FOR COMMENCING THE STEEL ERECTION.

[Picture IX]


X
TERMINAL STATION AND BUILDING AT CHURCH STREET, NEW YORK, SHOWING COMMENCEMENT OF STEEL ERECTION. 6,269 TONS BELOW FLOOR AT STREET SURFACE, 23,000 TONS IN COMPLETE BUILDING. FIRST STEEL COLUMN SET MAY 12, 1907.

[Picture X]


XI
IRON-LINED TUBE TUNNEL CONSTRUCTED WITH A HYDRAULIC SHIELD, ON 150-FOOT RADIUS CURVE, TURNING FROM MORTON STREET INTO GREENWICH STREET, CLEANED OUT READY TO COMMENCE CONSTRUCTION OF ELECTRIC CONDUITS AND TRACK.

[Picture XI]


XII
CAISSON ENLARGEMENTS UNDER FULTON STREET, SHOWING MOUTHS OF TWIN TUNNELS, THE RIGHT-HAND ONE BEING THE WEST-BOUND TUNNEL TO PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD; THE LEFT-HAND ONE PREPARED FOR THE FUTURE TUNNEL TO ERIE RAILROAD. THE ARCH CONSTRUCTION OF THE ENLARGEMENT, OF REINFORCED CONCRETE EXTENDING THE FULL WIDTH OF FULTON STREET AND EXTENDING EAST TO CONNECT WITH THE FIVE PLATFORM TRACKS AT TERMINAL STATION.

[Picture XII]


XIII
TYPICAL CROSS SECTION OF TUNNEL UNDER RIVER COMPLETE AND IN OPERATION.

[Picture XIII]


XIV
HOBOKEN TERMINAL, SHOWING THE TYPICAL GROINED ARCH CONSTRUCTION OF REINFORCED CONCRETE USED IN STATIONS.

[Picture XIV]


XV
TURN-OUT BETWEEN TWIN TUNNELS UNDER CHRISTOPHER STREET, SHOWING ENLARGEMENT UNDER CHRISTOPHER STREET OF THE FULL WIDTH OF THE STREET, AND SHOWING THE ARCHING OF THE TUBES AFTER THEY HAD BEEN DRIVEN THROUGH.

[Picture XV]


XVI
TURN-OUT AT NINETEENTH STREET AND SIXTH AVENUE, ILLUSTRATING TYPICAL CONSTRUCTION OF SIXTH AVENUE EXTENSION.

[Picture XVI]


XVII
WEST END OF PENNSYLVANIA STATION, JERSEY CITY, SHOWING THE JUNCTION OF THE LINES TO NEWARK AND HOBOKEN, AND THE PENNSYLVANIA TERMINAL STUB END TUNNEL. PICTURE REPRESENTS ONLY THE SOUTHERLY HALF OF THE STATION.

[Picture XVII]


XVIII
UNDERGROUND DOUBLE-DECK CAISSONS, SHOWING THE METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION NECESSARY FOR THE ELIMINATION OF GRADE CROSSINGS FOR THE OPERATION OF TRAINS BETWEEN HOBOKEN AND JERSEY CITY, AND BETWEEN TWENTY-THIRD STREET AND CHURCH STREET, NEW YORK. TOTAL WEIGHT OF THESE CAISSONS ABOUT TWENTY-FIVE THOUSAND TONS AND SUNK 86 FEET BELOW HIGH WATER IN WATER-BEARING FORMATION.
Illustration by courtesy of Scribner's Magazine.

[Picture XVIII]


XIX
PICTURE OF MODEL EXHIBITED AT JAMESTOWN EXPOSITION, ILLUSTRATING PRECISE METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION OF TUBE TUNNELS, WITH AIR LOCKS AND MECHANICAL APPLIANCES. THIS VIEW ILLUSTRATES CUTTING EDGE OF SHIELD.

[Picture XIX]


XX
PICTURE OF MODEL EXHIBITED AT JAMESTOWN EXPOSITION, ILLUSTRATING PRECISE METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION OF TUBE TUNNELS, WITH AIR LOCKS AND MECHANICAL APPLIANCES. THIS VIEW ILLUSTRATES OPERATING FACE OF SHIELD WITH AIR LOCKS, BULKHEADS, PLATFORMS AND ERECTOR, SHOWING HALF LONGITUDINAL SECTION OF TUNNEL IN PLACE.

[Picture XX]


XXI

[Picture XXI]


Editor's Note: Works published in the United States prior to 1923 are (as of this writing) now in the public domain. The markup, layout, and presentation of this electronic version is Copyright 1998, Terence M. Kennedy. Permission is granted to download and store copies of this work for personal use only. For more information about the U.S. Copyright Law, visit the U.S.Copyright Office.